Teaching Terpenes | Just another WordPress site
Teaching Terpenes | Just another WordPress site
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What is Terpenes ?

Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects. They often have a strong odor and may protect the plants that produce them by deterring herbivores and by attracting predators and parasites of herbivores. Although sometimes used interchangeably with “terpenes”, terpenoids (or isoprenoids) are modified terpenes as they contain additional functional groups, usually oxygen-containing. Terpenes are hydrocarbons.

 

Terpenes are the major components of rosin and of turpentine produced from resin. The name “terpene” is derived from the word “terpentine”, an obsolete form of the word “turpentine”. Terpenes are also major biosynthetic building blocks. Steroids, for example, are derivatives of the triterpene squalene.

 

Terpenes and terpenoids are the primary constituents of the essential oils of many types of medicinal plants and flowers. Essential oils are used widely as fragrances in perfumery, and in medicine and alternative medicines such as aromatherapy. Synthetic variations and derivatives of natural terpenes and terpenoids also greatly expand the variety of aromas used in perfumery and flavors used in food additives. Vitamin A is a terpenoid.

“Primary Terpenes Found in Cannabis”

a-pinene

a- pinene is one of the two isomers of Pinene. It emits an aroma of turpentine or pine trees. Since it is a four-membered ring α-pinene is prone to skeletal rearrangements. It is one of the most commonly occurring terpenes in nature.

Linalool

Linalool has been studied for its anti-anxiety and sedative properties. It commonly found in lavender, whose essential oil is commonly used to soothe the aforementioned ailments. The aroma associated with linalool is highly floral with the smallest hint of spice.

Myrcene

The concentration of the monoterpene Myrcene in a strain could dictate whether it will have an Indica or Sativa effect. Myrcene is also present in many common plants including hops and mangos. It emits a fruity, clove-like aroma.

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Secondary Terpenes Found in Cannabis:

Phellandrene

Phellandrene is commonly found in the essential oil of plants in the eucalyptus genus. Its smell is reminiscent of peppermint, with a slight citrus tone. Recent research shows that phellandrene possesses antidepressive effects.

Carene

Carene has a sweet, pungent odor and is a main constituent of pine and cedar resin. It is used to dry out excess body fluids, such as tears, mucus, and sweat.

Terpinene

Terpinene is used as a fragrant additive in both the cosmetic and food industries.It is also considered to be a well-tolerated additive in the pharmaceutical industry. It has very strong antioxidant properties.

Bisabolol

Bisabolol is the primary constituent of German chamomile essential oil and has recently been shown to induce apoptosis in models of leukemia.

Phellandrene

Phellandrene is commonly found in the essential oil of plants in the eucalyptus genus. Its smell is reminiscent of peppermint, with a slight citrus tone. Recent research shows that phellandrene possesses antidepressive effects.

Carene

Carene has a sweet, pungent odor and is a main constituent of pine and cedar resin. It is used to dry out excess body fluids, such as tears, mucus, and sweat.

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